The Tragedy Of Andres Bonifacio
Philippine Daily Inquirer
November twenty seven, 2005
Isagani A. Cruz
Let me share these non-historian's thoughts with regards to a patriot of our land whose birth wedding anniversary we shall observe this coming Friday. It is an standard holiday announced by law in his honor since Bonifacio Working day.
Andres Bonifacio was the unidentified indio whom organized and led the Katipunan that was to stir up the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and ultimately free of charge this country by Spanish guideline after more than 3 centuries of oppression. That enslavement could have continued indefinitely (probably up to now, considering the tribulation we with patience endured through the ordeal of martial law), if he had not chosen to defy the alien tyrant in his impregnable citadel.
Bonifacio was not termed as a civic innovator and would not belong to the principalia of middle-class informed natives that included among its members Jose Rizal and other propagandists. He joined up with the Liga Filipina but was not conspicuously active in it. He was a private person with a magic formula dream and consuming enthusiasm: to form the Kataastaasan for Kagalanggalang bist du Katipunan ng manga Putra ng Bayan. It was a job in which this individual excelled and succeeded while an efficient organizer and an ardent plotter.
I believe it was the historian Teodoro Agoncillo whom disagreed with all the popular idea that as between Bonifacio and Rizal, it was the previous who was the realist and the latter the idealist. Agoncillo held the other view, with which I humbly concur.
Bonifacio was the idealist because he thought the Katipuneros would succeed despite their particular limited assets because these people were fired by the spirit of liberty. Rizal, who was even more practical, argued that an charm to purpose and justice was sharper than the Filipinos' rusted bolos against the Spanish artillery that he questioned with the Noli and the Fili.
Both of them, with their everlasting credit, died for his or her convictions. It is regrettable, though, that while Rizal's execution inspired the nation to great sacrifices in their guard freedom, Bonifacio's death did not attract similar sentiments. He was killed in a secluded place away from the right now hallowed field where Rizal was felled. And to expand Bonifacio's misfortune, it created little fascination among the people he had perished to help make free of charge.
It is a sad but bound to happen assessment that for all his achievements in forming the Katipunan that began having a small group of patriots until it finally swelled into an avenging nation, Bonifacio was much less successful like a soldier for the field of battle. Let us note, but is not derisively, that his army record was less than amazing, unlike those of the former institution teacher from Kawit whom became a much better general.
Emilio Aguinaldo's skirmishes against the The spanish language forces catapulted him to national prominence and potential leadership in the fight for self-reliance. Soon everyone was comparing him with, and in many cases against, the Supremo in the Katipunan. The man who yelled the traditional Cry of Pugad Lawin on Aug. 26, 1896, was right now facing a solid rival to get the management of the Revolution. Bonifacio was going to lose that final deal with.
To the armed service shortcomings of Bonifacio must be added his insufficient political perception. This was shown when he consented to go to Cavite for what developed into a massive between him and Aguinaldo. Bonifacio could have proposed the fact that meeting become held in his native Manila, which was in fact the capital with the country, or if it was impractical, in least a neutral place. Instead he willingly attended his rival's bailiwick, where his supporters were outnumbered by Aguinaldo's comprovincianos.
Aguinaldo was selected president from the new federal government to replace the Katipunan, and Bonifacio, the erstwhile acknowledged leader in the Revolution, was demoted into a mere member of the Cabinet. Outwitted and outflanked, Bonifacio refused to identify the election and angrily marched apart with his enthusiasts. His...
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